Friday, September 19, 2014

Finding Sources

Finding good, relevant sources is an important early step in the research process. By this point in the semester, you should have some idea of a topic that you are interested in for your research essay and you should be starting to collect sources. 

Post the author’s name, book or article title, journal title (if applicable) and publisher for 3 sources that you have already found in the comments below. 

ETA: A previous post asked you to think of a topic you are interested in regardless of whether or not it was related to the course. This post is asking you to find sources related to your research topic which must fall within the scope of this course: roughly 1500-1865, North America. Please make sure your sources (and research topic) are related to the course.

This post will be available for new comments until Tuesday September 30. 


  1. Hey professor,

    I've been trying to get in contact with you but when I have tried to email you I am notified that no recipients are found when i enter the email you have posted on the site. Can you please post up the correct email address or send me a message at mine ( ).

  2. Title: Augustus down the centuries. (Caesar Augustus)
    Author: Carter, John M.
    Subjects: Roman Emperors -- Biography ; Italian History ; Augustus, Emperor Of Rome
    Is Part Of: History Today, March, 1983, Vol.33, p.24(7) [Peer Reviewed Journal]
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.

    2. Title: Caesar Augustus : seven aspects
    Author: Fergus Millar; Erich Segal 1937-
    Subjects: Augustus, Emperor of Rome, 63 B.C.-14 A.D -- Congresses; Syme, Ronald, Sir, 1903-; Emperors -- Rome -- Biography -- Congresses; Rome -- History -- Augustus, 30 B.C.-14 A.D. -- Congresses
    Publisher: Oxford Oxfordshire ; New York : Clarendon Press
    Creation Date: 1984
    Format: x, 221 p. ; 22 cm..
    Language: English
    Source: CUNY ALEPH

    3. Title: Nero Caesar Augustus : emperor of Rome
    Author: D. C. A. Shotter (David Colin Arthur)
    Subjects: Nero, Emperor of Rome, 37-68; Emperors -- Rome -- Biography; Rome -- History -- Nero, 54-68
    Description: The political background to the reign of Nero -- Nero's family -- The path to power --The expectation and hope of all the world -- The end of the beginning -- Nero and the empire -- The imperial builder -- The beginning of the end -- Rebellion and the fall of Nero.
    Publisher: Harlow, England ; New York : Pearson Longman
    Creation Date: 2008
    Format: xiv, 257 p. : ill. ; 24 cm..
    Language: English

    1. Hi Brandon,

      Your sources should be related to a topic that you can write about for your research essay, so it must fall within the scope of the course. I'll clarify the main post, but please find three sources that you can use for your essay.

    2. I realize that. When i was writing about what i wanted to write about i had said leaders and i decided to go with Cesar.

    3. Ok, but Caesar doesn't fit within the scope of this course. Can you find a different leader, in North America, between 1500 and 1865?

  3. 1. The Trail of Tears: The Tragedy of the American Indians/
    Author: Mueller/ School Library Journal cJan, 2010
    2. The Cherokee Nation and the Trail of Tears/Authors: Theda Perdue and Michael D. Green/ The Penguin Library of American Indian History c. 2007
    3. Toward the setting sun: John Ross, the Cherokees, and the Trail of Tears/Author: Brian Hicks/ Publisher: Publishers Group West c2011

  4. Hello Professor. Isaacson.

    1.) The Boston Massacre of (1770).

    2.) Louisiana Purchase (1803).

    3.) The Emancipation Proclamation of (1863).

    1. Hi Jeremy,

      This post is asking you to choose one topic and find three related sources. Any of the three topics you listed above would be fine- now you need to pick one and find three sources, preferably secondary sources using JSTOR or CUNY+.

    2. Oh okay, I will choose 1 from the three previously mentioned and look into the sources as well. Thank you!

  5. 1.)The Cherokee Nation and the Trail of Tears/Authors: Theda Perdue and Michael D. Green/ The Penguin Library of American Indian History c. 2007
    2.)The legal ideology of removal: the southern judiciary and the sovereignty of Native American nations. By Tim Alan Garrison. Athens, Ga. : University of Georgia Press, 2009, c2002
    3.)After the Trail of Tears : the Cherokees’ struggle for sovereignty, 1839-1880 by McLoughlin, William Gerald. Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, c1993.

  6. My 3 sources:

    Gen. John A. Sutter
    The Discovery of Gold in California.
    Hutching’s California Magazine November 1857

    No Author’s name
    California Gold Rush (1848-1858)
    The President and Fellow of Harvard College c. 2014

    Kanazawa, Mark
    Immigration, Exclusion, ad Taxation: Anti-Chinese Legislation in Gold Rush California.
    Journal of Economic History
    The Economic History Association c. 2005

    1. Hi Diana,

      I'm curious about your 2nd source- is it a primary or secondary source? What is the publisher's name? What kind of document it is- article, essay, book review?

    2. Good Evening Professor,
      It is a secondary source. I found it on Harvard's University website. It is the article about Gold Rush. I could not find author's name.

    3. Hi Diana,

      Just because an article is on a university's website does not necessarily mean that it is a secondary source. Not having a clear author is a clue that it is not a secondary source. Does it have footnotes or a bibliography? Did you find it through a database like JSTOR or America History and Life? Was it published in a peer-reviewed journal?

      These are good questions for everyone to think of when evaluating possible sources.


    4. I decided to change my second source because I think it was not the best choice.
      Here is what I will use instead of the one we mentioned previously:

      Benton, Gregor
      Pacific Crossing: California Gold, Chinese Migration, and the Making of Hong Kong.
      Journal of Chinese Studies 2013

  7. 1) The founders and finance : how Hamilton, Gallatin, and other immigrants forged a new economy/Thomas K. McCraw/Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap Press of Harvard University Press/Creation Date: 2012

    2) One nation under debt Hamilton, Jefferson, and the history of what we owe/Robert E. Wright (Robert Eric)/Publisher: New York, N.Y. : McGraw-Hill/Creation Date: 2008

    3)From the writings of Alexander Hamilton.(on the financial crisis & economic policy)/Hamilton, Alexander/Daedalus, Fall, 2010, Vol.139(4), p.125(2) [Peer Reviewed Journal]

    1. Hi Andriy,

      What's the name of the peer reviewed journal for your third source?

    2. aedalus.

      About this Publication

      Title: Daedalus
      ISSN: 0011-5266
      Format: Magazine/Journal
      Frequency: Quarterly
      Language: English
      Audience: Academic
      Gale Subject Headings: Arts and humanities
      Publisher: American Academy of Arts and Sciences
      Address: Daedalus Business Office
      136 Irving St.
      United States

    3. Daedalus* (missed the first letter of the name)

  8. i am investigating the War of 1812. my sources include \

    1)"Free Trade and Sailors' Rights" : The Rhetoric of the War of 1812
    Journal of the Early Republic, Vol. 30, No. 1 (Spring 2010)

    2)The War of 1812: Still a Forgotten Conflict?
    Donald R. Hickey
    The Journal of Military History, Vol. 65, No. 3 (Jul., 2001

    3)Historical Dictionary of the War of 1812 by Robert Malcomson
    The Journal of Military History, Vol. 70, No. 3 (Jul., 2006)

  9. My topic is "Slavery in pre-revolutionary New England"

    1. Title - Effects of slavery, on morals and industry.
    Author - Webster, Noah (1758-1843)
    Imprint Hartford, Conn. - Printed by Hudson and Goodwin, 1793.

    2. Title - A new world of labor – the development of plantation slavery in British Atlantic.
    Author- Simon P. Newman.
    Publisher- University of Pennsylvania Press, ©2013.

    3. Title – Captive passage, the transatlantic slave trade and the making of the Americas
    Author – Mariners´ Museum- Newport News, Va.
    Publisher - Washington, D.C. : Smithsonian Institution Press

    1. Hi Adelina,

      You say your topic is slavery in pre-revolutionary New England, but your sources are all on different topics. The closest match seems to be the first source, and it is a primary source. Can you find any secondary sources about slavery in New England before the American Revolution?

    2. Hello professor,

      I will try to focus on that. Thank you for the advice!

  10. Hello, My name is Katherine Urena. My Topic is "Women's role in the American Revolution".

    1- Women in the Age of the American Revolution by Ronald Hoffman; Peter J. Albert
    Mary Kelley
    The William and Mary Quarterly
    Third Series, Vol. 47, No. 4 (Oct., 1990), pp. 601-604
    Published by: Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture
    Article Stable URL:

    2-Women in the American Revolution
    Elizabeth Cometti
    The New England Quarterly
    Vol. 20, No. 3 (Sep., 1947), pp. 329-346
    Published by: The New England Quarterly, Inc.
    Article Stable URL:

    3- Women in the Era of the American Revolution: The Historian as Suffragist
    James H. Hutson
    The Quarterly Journal of the Library of Congress
    Vol. 32, No. 4 (October 1975), pp. 290-303
    Published by: Library of Congress
    Article Stable URL:

  11. Topic: Slavery during the Civil War
    Source #1:
    •Title: Slavery and the Civil War
    •Author: Govan, Thomas P.
    •Part Of: The Sewanee Review, 1940, 1940, Vol.48(4), pp.533-543 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
    •Source: JSTOR
    •Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press
    Source #2:
    •Title: Rebels on the border Civil War, emancipation, and the reconstruction of Kentucky and Missouri
    •Author: LinkAstor, Aaron, 1973-
    •Title: LinkRebels on the border [electronic resource] : Civil War, emancipation, and the reconstruction of Kentucky and Missouri / Aaron Astor.
    •Publisher: Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, c2012.
    Source #3:
    •Title: Slavery in the Clover Bottoms : John McCline's narrative of his life during slavery and the Civil War
    •Author: John McCline 1852-1948.
    •Related Titles: Series: Voices of the Civil War series
    •Publisher: Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press
    •Creation Date:1998

    1. Hi Grismeldy,

      If you haven't found it already, you should look at the collection of essays: "Slaves No More: Three Essays on Emancipation and the Civil War."

    2. Hey professor,
      No, I have not looked at that yet; but I'll take it into consideration since I am sure that I will need more sources for my research paper.
      Thanks for the help!

  12. My topic is on the Culper Ring.

    - Source one-
    Title: Spies in the Revolution
    Author: John Blakeless
    American History Illustrated. Mar1971, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p36-45. 10p.

    -Source two-
    Title: Spying in America: Espionage from the Revolutionary War to the dawn of the Cold War
    Author: Michael J. Sulick
    Publisher: Washington DC., Georgetown University Press

    -Source three-
    Title: Washington's Spies: The Story of America's First Spy Ring
    Author: Alexander Rose
    Publisher: New York, Bantam Books

  13. Scallops Ride to Rescue. AU- LEVITZ, JENNIFER JN- Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition PD- 6/20/2011, Vol. 257 Issue 142, pA3

    New Bedford's Whales. AU- Shatwell, Justin JN- Yankee PD- May/Jun2009, Vol. 73 Issue 3, p32-32 PG- 1/2p

    NANTUCKET QUAKERS AND THE MILFORD HAVEN WHALING INDUSTRY, C. 1791-1821. AU- Allen, Richard C.1 JN- Quaker Studies PD- Sep2010, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p6-31 PG- 26p

  14. 1. Title: The Age of Gold: The Californian Gold Rush and The New American Dream,
    Author: H.W. Brands
    Publisher: First Anchor Books, October 2003. Print.
    2. "The California Gold Rush, 1849" EyeWitness to History, (2003)
    3. "The Gold Rush: Consequences and Contingences"
    Author: Richard White.
    Publisher: California History 77, 1998.

    1. Hi Faiza,

      About your second source- is it from a peer-reviewed journal or scholarly press? Does it have footnotes? Who is the author? If the answers are no, then you most likely do not have a secondary source. You can get many secondary sources online, but there is a significant difference between finding an article through a scholarly database (JSTOR or others) and finding an article through a web search.


  15. My topic is going to be a comparison of slavery as it was in Europe before the exploration of America and what it was in Americas once the tradition was brought overseas.

    Foster, William Henry. Gender, mastery and slavery: from European to Atlantic world frontiers.(Brief article)(Book review)
    Author: Kerr - Ritchie, J. R.
    Is Part Of: CHOICE: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries, Nov, 2010, Vol.48(3), p.565(1) [Peer Reviewed Journal]

    Title: Atlas of slavery
    Author: James Walvin

    Children in European systems of slavery: Introduction
    Author: Campbell, Gwyn ; Miers, Suzanne ; Miller, Joseph C.
    Is Part Of: Slavery & Abolition, 2006, Vol.27(2), p.163-182 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

    1. Hi Megan,

      This is too broad/complex a topic. I'd urge you to concentrate on slavery within North America so that your paper will fit within the scope of this course. Remember also that book reviews can be very helpful, but they are not secondary sources. What is the publication information for your second source? What is the title of the journal your third source was published in?

  16. My topic for now is broadly on George Washington. I'll try to narrow it down on something about him after doing some more research. My 3 sources are from JSTOR.
    1. Journal Title: Winterthur Portfolio
    Title: “Not a Man but a God”
    The Apotheosis of Gilbert Stuart’s Athenaeum Portrait of George Washington
    Author: Adam Greenhalgh
    Publisher: The University of Chicago Press on behalf of the Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum, Inc.

    2. Journal Title: The American Historical Review
    Title: Review of Joseph J. Ellis. His Excellency: George Washington
    Author: Stuart Leibiger
    Publisher: Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Historical Association

    3. Journal Title: Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D.C.
    Title: Defending Washington during the Civil War
    Author: Benjamin Franklin Cooling
    Publisher: Historical Society of Washington, D.C.

    1. Hi Sam,

      I think you are off to a good start but wanted to mention the same thing I mentioned to Megan above, a book review can be very useful but it is not a secondary source.

  17. Source 1:
    Author: Mary Beth Norton
    Title: Liberty's Daughters: The Revolutionary Experience of American Women
    Publisher: Cornell University Press

    Source 2:
    Author: Gerard J. DeGroot
    Title: "A Few Good Women: Gender stereotypes, the military and peacekeeping
    Publisher: International Peacekeeping

    Source 3:
    Author: Gerda Lerner
    Title: New Approaches to the Study of Women in American History
    Publisher: Oxford University Press: Journal of Social History

  18. My topic is how Native Americans have during and after the Civil war.

    Title: Tribal Membership Requirements and the Demography of 'Old' and 'New' Native Americans
    Author:Russel Thornton
    Publisher: 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers

    Title: Native Americans and the Civil war
    Author: Arrell Morgan Gibson
    Publisher: University of Nebraska Press

    Title: The legal ideology of removal: The Southern judiciary and the sovereignty of Native American nations.
    Author: Tim Alan Garrison.
    Publisher: University of Georgia Press, 2009, c2002

  19. Source: 1
    Title: The Great Confusion in Indian Affairs
    Author: Tom Holm
    Publishing Information: University of Texas Press (August 2009)

    Source: 2
    Title: The Cherokee Trail of Tears: A Sesquicentennial Perspective
    Author: Ronald N. Satz
    Publishing information: The Georgia Historical Quarterly

    Source: 3
    Cherokee Adaptation to the Landscape of the West and Overcoming the Loss of Culturally Significant Plants.
    Author: Vick, R. Alfred
    Publishing information: American Indian Quarterly. Summer2011, Vol. 35 Issue 3, p394-417. 24p.

  20. Topic: Women's role in the civil war

    Source (1)
    Title: Women's Role in Civil War Western North Carolina
    Author: Gordon B. McKinney
    Part Of: The North Carolina Historical Review
    Published By: North Carolina Office of Archives and History

    Source (2)
    Title: How Did White Women Aid Former Slaves during and after the Civil War, 1863-1891?
    Author: Carol Faulkner
    Published: in Binghamton, NY: State University of New York at Binghamton, (1999)

    Source (3)
    Title: Chapter VI: Women during the Civil War.
    Author: Phebe A. Hanaford
    Part Of: Daughters In America
    Published: (Augusta, ME: True and Company, 1882). pp. 185-213

  21. My topic is the drafting and ratification of the United States Constitution. To narrow it down, I will only cover the influences from the Articles of Confederation but not the Articles of Confederation itself. I will also not cover amendments to the United States Constitution and focus solely on the original frame.

    Source 1
    Title: The American Constitution: Roots, Rights, and Responsibilities
    Author: A. E. Dick Howard
    Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press

    Source 2
    Title: Government by Choice: Inventing the United States Constitution
    Author: Elizabeth P. McCaughy
    Publisher: Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture

    Source 3
    Title: Original Intentions: On the Making and Ratification of the United States Constitution
    Author: M. E. Bradford
    Publisher: The University of Georgia Press

  22. Omar Valerio-Jiménez and Carmen Teresa Whalen, Major Problems in Latina/o History (Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning, 2014).

    Stephen Pitti, The Devil in Silicon Valley: Northern California,
    Race, and Mexican Americans (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004).

    How the United States Racializes Latinos: White Hegemony and Its Consequences May 1, 2009
    by José A. Cobas (Editor), Jorge Duany (Editor), Joe R. Feagin

  23. My topic is based on the U.S Constitution

    1. Title: "We the People"
    Author: Dahlin, Donald C.
    Publishing Information. Palgrave Connect Ebook

    2. Title: Give Me Liberty
    Author: Eric Foner

    3. Title: Providing for consideration of the bill to protect the separation of powers in the Constitution of the United States by ensuring that the President takes care that the laws be faithfully executed
    Author: United States, Congress. House . Committee on Rules
    Publishing info: Online Source through CUNY Library : ("");

    1. Hi Jennifer,

      It seems like your first two sources are textbooks, not secondary sources. Can you find some secondary sources?

  24. Although I am finding it hard to come up with a topic that is more specific, the topic I have in mind right now is: Diseases and hospitalization in North America during the 19th century. I am not too sure if I have to be more specific. However, the following are three sources I found to be helpful:

    Source 1:
    Title: Rising trends of gastric cancer and peptic ulcer in the 19th century
    Author: Sonnenberg, A ; Baron, J H
    Publishing Information: Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics, 2010, Vol.32(7), pp.901-7

    Source 2:
    Title: Economic antecedents of mental hospitalization: a nineteenth-century time-series test
    Author: Dowdall, George W. ; Marshall, James R. ; Morra, Wayne A.
    Publishing Information: The Journal of Health and Social Behavior, June, 1990, Vol.31(2), p.141(7). Peer Reviewed Journal

    Source 3:
    Title: Inebriate institutions in North America, 1840–1920
    Author: Baumohl, Jim
    Publishing Information: British Journal of Addiction, 1990, Vol.85(9), pp.1187-1204. Peer Reviewed Journal.

  25. Used JSTOR to access these sources.

    Topic: German Immigration in Colonial Period

    Source 1:
    Title: German and Irish Immigration to Colonial Philadelphia
    Author: Marianne S. Wokeck
    Publishing Info: American Philosophical Society

    Source 2:
    Title: German Immigration, Settlement, and Political Culture in Colonial
    Author: Aaron Spencer Fogleman
    Publishing Info: Society for History Education

    Source 3:
    Title: Background of German Immigration
    Author: Jonathan James Wolfe
    Publishing Info: Arkansas Historical Association

    Taylor Henne

  26. Hello Professor Isaacson,

    Topic: Trail of Tears (relocation of Native American Indians)
    Source 1:
    Hicks, Brian
    Toward the Setting Sun : John Ross, the Cherokees and the Trail of Tears
    Publishers Group West, c2011
    Source 2:
    Richard Bessel & Claudia B. Haake
    Removing Peoples : Forced Removal in the Modern World
    Oxford University Press, c2009
    Source 3:
    Theda Perdue & Michael D. Greene
    The Cherokee Nation and the Trail of Tears
    Viking, 2007

  27. My topic is about the effects of smallpox in the American Revolution (military) and the inoculation developed for the soldiers.

    Title: Smallpox Inoculation in England and America: A Reappraisal
    Author: Genevieve Miller
    Published by: Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture

    Source 2:
    Title: A Short History of Medicine.
    Author: Erwin H. Ackerknecht
    Published by: The Ronald Press Company, 1968.

    Source 3:
    Title: The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources, 1745-1799.
    Author: George Washington
    Published by: Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1931-1943.

  28. Topic: The Emancipation Proclamation and how it impacted the Civil War.

    Source 1
    Title: Lincoln and the Triumph of the Nation: Constitutional Conflict in the American Civil War
    Author: Mark E. Neely
    Publisher: Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, c2011

    Source 2
    Title: Act of Justice: Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation and the Law of War
    Author: Burrus M. Carnahan
    Publisher: The Journal of Southern History, Vol. 74, No. 4 (Nov., 2008)

    Source 3
    Title: Final Freedom: The Civil War, the Abolition of slavery, and the Thirteenth Amendment
    Author: Michael Vorenberg
    Publisher:Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2001.

    1. Hi Niara,

      You should also look at the collection of essays, "Slaves No More" that I mentioned in an earlier comment. It's directly related to your topic!

  29. XinNing Cheng

    Topic: Lewis and Clark Expedition

    -Source 1-
    Title:Lewis and Clark among the Nez Perce : strangers in the Land of the Nimiipuu / Allen V. Pinkham and Steven R. Evans ; forward by Frederick E. Hoxie.
    Author: Pinkham, Allen
    Publisher:Washburn, N.D. : The Dakota Institute Press of the Lewis & Clark Fort Mandan Foundation, 2013.

    -Source 2-
    Title:The Lewis and Clark journals : an American epic of discovery : the abridgment of the definitive Nebraska edition / Meriwether Lewis, William Clark, and members of the Corps of Discovery ; edited and with an introduction by Gary E. Moulton.
    Publisher:Lincoln : University of Nebraska Press, c2003.

    - Source 3-
    Title:Lewis & Clark : legacies, memories, and new perspectives / edited by Kris Fresonke and Mark Spence.
    Author: Fresonke, Kris,
    Spence, Mark David.
    Publisher: Berkeley : University of California Press, c2004.

  30. Topic: Puritanism and its relation to Racial issues in 17th century New England

    1. Title: Race and Redemption in Puritan New England
    Author: Richard A. Bailey
    Publisher: Oxford University Press.

    2. Faithful bodies: performing religion and race in the Puritan Atlantic
    Author: Heather Miyano Kopelson
    Publisher: New York University Press.

    3. New England Frontier: Puritans and indians 1620~1675
    Author: Alden T. Vaughan
    Publisher: University of Oklahoma

  31. My topic is on religious intolerance in early America.
    1) Author: Chris Beneke
    Title: The First Prejudice: Religious Tolerance and Intolerance in Early America
    Journal Title: Anglican and Episcopal History
    Publisher: Historical Society of the Episcopal Church

    2) Author: Edward L. Bond
    Title: Damned Souls in a Tobacco Colony: Religion in Seventeenth-century Virginia
    Publisher: Mercer University Press

    3) Author: Edmund S. Morgan
    Title: The Puritan Dilemma: The Story of John Winthrop
    Publication: Pearson; 3rd edition

  32. My topic is on the American Revolution and its impact on our independence.

    1) Author: Jack P. Greene
    Title: The American Revolution
    Publisher: Oxford University Press

    2) Author: Ilan Rachum
    Title: From "American Independence" to the "American Revolution"
    Publisher: Cambridge University Press

    3) Author: Sylvia R. Frey
    Title: Sylvia R. Frey
    Publisher: Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture

    1. Hi Nicole,

      What's the title of your third source? Also, I'm not clear on your topic. Can you clarify what you are interested in about the American Revolution?

  33. My topic/s: European settlers' ideas of liberty and their contradictions/ How it affected freedom for America

    1) Author: Eric Foner
    Title: The Story of American Freedom
    Publisher: Norton

    2) Author: Howard Dodson
    Title: How Slavery Helped Build a World Economy
    Publisher: National Geographic

    3) Author: Jim Wallis
    Title: Racism: America's Original Sin
    Publisher: Sojourners

    1. Hi Gyasi,

      Your first source isn't a secondary source- it's more like a textbook (it's actually the pre-cursor to our course textbook). You might need to refine/rephrase your topic to find secondary material.

  34. Topic: Women's Role during the American Revolution

    Title: New Approaches to the Study of Women in American History
    Author: Gerda Lerner
    Publisher: Oxford University Press: Journal of Social History

    Title: The Sentiments of an American Woman
    Author: Anonymous (Esther De Berdt Reed)
    Publisher: National Humanities Center

    Title: Contributions of Women during the American Revolution
    Author: Gillian Courtney
    Publisher: Stony Point Battlefield State Historic Site

  35. My topic is: Religious Cults, Spiritualism

    1. Author: George W. Samson
    Title: Spiritualism Tested
    Publisher: Boston: Gould & Lincoln

    2. Author: George Lawton
    Title: The Journal of Religion
    Publisher: The University of Chicago Press

    3. Author: Molly McGarry
    Title: Ghosts of Futures Pasts: Spiritualism and the Cultural Politics of Nineteenth-Century America
    Publisher: University of California Press

    1. Hi Amantina,

      What's the article title for your second source?

  36. Emmanuel Maldonado

    Topic: Persecution of the Masses in Colonial America

    1. Among the powers of the earth : the American Revolution and the making of a new world empire
    Eliga H. Gould
    Available at Hunter Main Library Stacks (E249 .G68 2012 )

    2. The peopling of the New World: Perspectives from molecular anthropology
    Annual Review of Anthropology, Annual, 2004, Vol.33, p.551(33) [Peer Reviewed Journal]
    Schurr, Theodore G.

    3.The faces of freedom the manumission and emancipation of slaves in Old World and New World slavery
    Kleijwegt, Marc

    1. Hi Emmanuel,

      Your sources seem to cover a very broad range of material. Are you still narrowing your topic?

  37. Topic: Comparison of Role British military in Colonial America and the role of Militarized Police today.


    Author: Charles Mowat
    Title:The Southern Brigade: A Sidelight on the British Military Establishment in America, 1763-1775
    Volume:The Journal of Southern History, Vol. 10, No. 1 (Feb., 1944), pp. 59-77
    Publisher: Southern Historical Journal

    I have more but they are related to the militarization of police now. I will look for more historical Documents.

    1. Hi Ali,

      I'd avoid a discussion of contemporary issues in your research and in your essay. You have a solid topic that fits within the scope of the course if you stick with the role of the British military in Colonial North America.